Unreasonable license conditions in upcoming spectrum award could poison 5G network investment
The GSMA has raised concerns that the proposed terms of the upcoming 5G spectrum award in Germany from the Federal Network Agency contain unreasonable and unrealistic license conditions that pose a substantial risk to the roll out of ultra-fast 5G networks across the country.
While the GSMA has welcomed the German government’s decision to release the entire 3.4 to 3.8 GHz band (C-Band), essential for the future development of 5G services globally, the conditions on the allocation of these vital frequencies jeopardise Germany’s 5G deployment.
“The mobile industry is essential to delivering on Germany’s vision for 5G leadership. We are alarmed that – despite real and substantial concerns raised by the mobile industry on the original proposals – the proposed terms make the situation worse by doubling down on unrealistic conditions that puts Germany’s 5G future at risk,” said Mats Granryd, director general, GSMA.
“Operators in Germany have invested billions in the country’s networks and have proven through history that they are committed to investing and providing innovative services. German consumers and businesses will be the ones to lose out from unreasonable obligations that make investment in 5G rollout uneconomical,” he added.
The GSMA’s primary concerns with the conditions are as follows: the coverage obligations for the 3.6 GHz band include population coverage of 98% with 100MBps and 10ms latency, as well as all transport paths. Although the frequencies on offer can provide very high capacity, they only cover a relatively small area and are not well suited to wide area coverage such as countryside roads, waterways and railways. The investment needed to achieve the obligations far outweighs the value of the licenses; the roaming and wholesale obligations attached to the 3.4 to 3.7 GHz band introduce a critical level of legal uncertainty and will deter investment in 5G networks in Germany; 100MHz of this critical 5G spectrum – one quarter of the total spectrum available – will be reserved for local use. This undercuts Germany’s efforts at 5G leadership, by driving up spectrum costs and limiting the amount of spectrum available for nationwide usage; and the auction rules contain massive advantages for newcomers that undermine fair competition by allowing them to meet significantly lower coverage requirements and to invoke a negotiation requirement for national roaming. This means, for example, that a new entrant could become a network operator by targeting a few locations in lucrative dense urban locations, relying on the infrastructure of existing network operators in sub-urban and rural areas. Not only does this further undercut the purported policy objectives on the already unrealistic coverage obligations, but it will reduce the incentive for operators to invest in underserved areas. As experience in other countries has shown, such an approach will drive roll out activity primarily in cities.