Chinese smartphone vendors in the top five garnered 17% growth, while Apple registered first double-digit decline
Global sales of smartphones to end users totalled 349 million units in the first quarter of 2016, a 3.9% increase over the same period in 2015, according to Gartner. Smartphone sales represented 78% of total mobile phone sales in the first quarter of 2016.
In the first quarter, smartphone sales were driven by demand for low cost devices in emerging markets and for affordable 4G smartphones, led by 4G connectivity promotion plans from communications service providers, in many markets worldwide.
“In a slowing smartphone market where large vendors are experiencing growth saturation, emerging brands are disrupting existing brands’ long standing business models to increase their share,” said Anshul Gupta, research director at Gartner.
“With such changing smartphone market dynamics, Chinese brands are emerging as the new top global brands. Two Chinese brands ranked within the top five worldwide smartphone vendors in the first quarter of 2015, and represented 11% of the market. In the first quarter of 2016, there were three Chinese brands – Huawei, Oppo and Xiaomi – and they achieved 17% of the market,” noted Gupta.
Oppo had the best performance in the quarter, moving into the number four position with unit sales growth of 145%. Like Huawei and Xiaomi, Oppo saw strong growth in China, taking share from players such as Lenovo, Samsung and Yulong. Huawei saw strong smartphone demand in Europe, the Americas and Africa, while Xiaomi and Oppo saw their smartphone sales in emerging Asia-Pacific rise by 20% and 199%, respectively.
In the first quarter of 2016, Samsung extended its lead over Apple with 23% marketshare, with 81,186.9 units sold against Apple’s 51,629.5 units sold. “Samsung’s Galaxy S7 series phones and renewed portfolio positioned it as a strong competitor in the smartphone market, and more so in the emerging markets where it has been facing fierce competition from local manufacturers,” said Gupta.
Apple had its first double-digit decline year on year, with iPhone sales down 14%, from 60,177.2 units sold in the first quarter 2015. Apple’s ‘upgrade programme’ in the US has helped sweeten its flagship iPhone 6s and 6s model pricing to drive sales in its largest smartphone market. Apple is also exploring ways to refarm secondhand iPhones coming through the programme in emerging markets.
Lenovo disappeared from the top five smartphone vendor ranking as well as the top 10 mobile phone vendor market in the first quarter of 2016. “Lenovo had another challenging quarter with its worldwide smartphone sales declining 33%,” said Gupta. “Its smartphone sales fell by 75% in Greater China, where it faced strong competition from local brands. Lenovo is also struggling to bring synergies with Motorola’s device business, managing lower costs and overheads of the two brands.”
In terms of the smartphone operating system (OS) market, Android regained share over iOS and Windows to achieve 84% share. Android accounted for 293,771.2 smartphone sales in the quarter to end users, up from 78.8% in the same quarter 2015.
Meanwhile Apple’s iOS was at 51,629.5 units or 14.8% marketshare, down from 17.9% in the same quarter 2015, and Windows was sitting at 2,399.7 units in the first quarter 2016 or 0.7% marketshare, down from 8,270.8 units and 2.5% marketshare in the first quarter 2015 .
Said Roberta Cozza, research director at Gartner: “As mature smartphone markets are reaching saturation, Google is pursuing new revenue growth opportunities by expanding the reach of its platforms in cars, wearables, connected homes, immersive experiences and more.”
“Despite the Android platform’s advancements and its dominant market share, the challenges of profitability remain for a number of Android players. This will have an impact on the vendor landscape where new or more innovative business models will increasingly become key to succeed,” added Cozza.
Meanwhile, Gupta commented on Nokia’s return to the mobile market: “Nokia’s announced return to the smartphone and tablet markets will not be an easy mission. In today’s market it takes much more than a well-known brand to sell devices. Making good hardware won’t be an issue for Nokia, but users need a compelling reason to remain loyal to the same brand. Furthermore, that the smartphone market is slowing down makes it difficult for mobile phone vendors to reach previous levels of growth. New company HMD is entering the market at a less prosperous time, making it even more difficult for the vendor to do well in the short term,” said Gupta.